And the Bull Markets Win Big
Let’s say you’re looking at a stock market that has lost 81% over the past 2 to 3 years during a time of severe economic contraction. The headlines are not encouraging: the country is mired in depression along with the rest of the world. Are you feeling bullish, or is this a great time to unload your stocks and stop the bleeding?
If you decided to unload, then you would have missed at least some of the dramatic market increases that started in 1937. The results were 4 to 5 years of annualized 32% gains, for a total gain of 266%.
Okay, suppose the market has dropped a total of 63% over a torturous 13 year period, and Business Week magazine has just proclaimed “The Death of Equities”. Buy? Sell?
Again, the correct answer would have been “buy”. After 1982, the S&P 500 gained a remarkable 666% over the next 18 years.
The accompanying chart shows a number of market ups (blue) and downs (red) since 1871; virtually every major market move, up or down, was unexpected. The bull markets came as a surprise, and the bear markets came at times when the markets seemed to be on a long-term roll.
The most important statistic to come out of this analysis, however, may be the dramatically different size of the gains and losses. The various bulls since the market trough in 1877 brought investors an average of a 415% gain per bull market. The bear markets cost investors an average downturn of 65%.
Nobody knows when the markets are going to suddenly take off after a bearish period; and the longer and deeper and more discouraging the downturn gets, the less likely the next bull market seems. But history suggests that patient investors get more return during market upturns than they lose when the markets drop. Long-term, trying to outsmart the market and sidestep losses would have led to missing even bigger gains.